Being the oldest quarter in Lisbon, Alfama is rich in history with its narrow, winding cobbled streets. The best way to travel around the city is upon Tram 28, a charming wooden tram that connects Martim Moniz to Campo de Ourique. You may wish to get there early, as the lines can sometimes be rather long. Alternatively you can walk to the Alfama and Graca districts, but be warned it is quite a steep and challenging trek. Places of interest include Castelo de Sao Jorge, a multitude of museums, Lisbon Cathedral (the cities oldest building) and the spectacular viewpoint at Miradouro de Santa Luzia. Castelo de Sao Jorge (St George’s Castle) is perhaps the most visible landmark, built by the Romans on top of the hill more than 2,000 years ago. There is a dry moat, anti-siege features, strong fortifications and spectacular viewpoints overlooking the city and the Tagus River. The Decorative Arts Museum may be of interest, as it is filled with beautiful and priceless antique furniture. Restaurants and cafes here are bountiful and the quaint. You can also sip on the local cherry liquor, Ginjinha, or simply relax at one of the bars and small clubs, which often play live music such as Fado, a traditional genre with the classic Portuguese guitar.
The neighbouring Graca district is located atop the highest hill in Lisbon and is conveniently a stopping point for tram 28. The viewpoints from here are just spectacular with the best being the Miradouro de Santa Graca granting views right over Central Lisbon and its surrounds. Another viewpoint and perhaps lesser known is the Miradouro da Senhora do Monte. Igreja da Graca, a grand and awe-inspiring religious site built in 1721, is certainly worth a visit. Take a wander through the labyrinth of streets, and pop into one of the many quirky shops and cafes – there’s one on every corner!
Lisbon International Airport is located just 5.6 km from the city and the National Railway Service is modern and reliable.